Scientific name: Strigamia chinophilia

Common name: Soil Centipede

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Chilopoda

Order: Geophilomorpha

Family: Linotaeniiade

Genus: Strigamia

Species: S. chinophilia


Centipedes are a little part of a large part of the phylum arthropod.  The root centi  means 100 and ped means feet.  These centipedes are segmented meaning that they have repeating body parts.  They have 1 pair of legs per segment. 

“soil Centipedes” are brown. Since they are active during the day and they are diunal. They rely on their antennae more than anything. Sure they have eyes but there not much help.  The antennae help the feel around for moving objects such as bugs and believe it or not they help them smell too.  They have three pairs of mouth parts: a pair of biting jaws, a fused lower lip and a pair of longer mouth parts to handle food with. 


A centipede has fangs!  But how did they get there?  Well their first pair of legs by their heads has developed into fangs.  They have small holes on the ends (tips) so they can inject poison into their meal.  This poison basically paralyzes their pray completely. Then it just gets easier fro there. 


A soil centipede can be known as a night in shinning armor. This “armor” protects their body and keeps them from drying out.  Normally they are 12 in. or 1 foot.  They are usually found on the Europe area. 


All in all a soil centipede is pretty fascinating.  They are carnivores, eat at night, and are brown.  They are just like any other bug but there is something to them that makes them more interesting, but I can’t quite put my finger on it.  They are segmented and have one pair of legs per segment.  Ohh yea!!! It’s their legs that draws me too them! I hope it’s the same for you too.

Author: Lilly Billy
Published: 03/2013

Insects and spiders of the world by Marshall Cavendish

Field guide to insects and spiders andrelated species of north america by:Arther Evans